Keloids, or keloid scars are tough heaped-up scars that abruptly rise above the skin. Most commonly, they are smooth on top with an irregular shape and a pink or purple color. Keloids progressively enlarge and do not subside over time.
The reason why keloids form is still unknown. Research has suggested they may be the result of an alteration in cellular signals that control growth and proliferation. Keloids can form from a minor scar or injury, acne, piercings, surgery or for no foreseeable reason. Keloids occur in all skin types and complexions, with some appearing to be related to family genetics. Keloids develop mostly on the chest, back, shoulder, earlobes and occasionally the face.
The time it takes to treat a keloid depends on the symptoms associated with its development and location on the body. Cortisone injections and surgery either administered alone or in combination can treat and prevent any further growth and issues with keloids:
One of the most common treatment options, cortisone injections are typically administered on a monthly basis. Corticosteroids have shown to be particularly effective when combined with surgical excision of the keloid growth.
Surgical excision of the keloids is most effective when used in combination with other treatment options, in particular cortisone injections.